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高考复习冠词使用的练习及答案

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发表于 2013-5-19 14:46:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
高中英语语法强化训练(冠词)
(  )1.______recent report stated that the number of Spanish speakers in the U.S.would be higher than the number of English speaker by_____ year 2090.
A.  A, the B. A, /  C. The ,/  D. The, a
(  ) 2.If you goby ______train ,you can have quite a comfortable  journey ,but make sure you get _____fast one.
    A. /, /   B./, a C. the, a  D./,/
(  ) 3. It isoften said that ____teachers have _______very easy life.
    A /,/     B. /,a    C. the,/   D. the, a
(  ) 4.I can’tremember when exactly the Robinsons left _____city ,I only remember it was______ Monday.
A.  the , the B. a ,the C. a, a D. the, a
(   ) 5.If yougrow up in ______large family ,you aremore likely to develop _____ability to get on well with ______others .
A. /,an the B. a, the ,/ C.the ,an ,the D. a, the ,the
(   ) 6.Mrs ,Taylor has ___8-year-old daughter who has_____gift for painting –she  has won twonational prizes.
A.         a, a  B. an ,the  C. an ,a D. th
(  )7.Afetrdinner he gave Mr. Richardson ________ride to ________Capital Airport.
     A .the,a  B. a the C. /, a  D. /, the
(  )8.On May5,2005,at ___World Table Tennis Championship ,Kong Ling hui and WangHao
     won thegold medal in men’s with ____score of 4:1.
   A. a ,a  B. / the C. a ,/  D. the ,a
(  )9.Iknew  ______John Lennon ,but not ____famousone.
    A. /,a  B. a ,the C. /,the  D. the, a
(  )10.The booktells ____life story of John Smith ,who left _______school and worked fora  newspaper at the age of 16.
  A. the, the B.a , the  C. the./ D. a,/
(  )11.When youcome here for your holiday next time, don’t go to _____hotel ; I can find you______bed in my flat.
A.   the,a  B. the,/ C. a ,the D. a,/
(  )12.If youbuy more than ten, they will knock20pence off________.
A. a price B. price   C. the price D. prices
(  )13.____on-goingdivision between English –speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is_______major concern of the country.
A.  The ,/ B. The ,a  C. An ,the  D. An,/
(  )14.When heleft _____college ,he got a job as ______reporter in a newspaper office .
A. /, a   B  /,the  C .a the D .the, the
(  )15The mostimportant thing about cotton in history is ___part that it played in____Industrial Revolution.
A. /,/  B. the,/ C. the , the D. a ,the
(  )16.While hewas investigating ways t improve the telescope Newton made _______discoverywhich completely changed ____ man’s understanding of color.
A.  a ,/ B. a ,the  C. /, the D. the ,a
(  )17.It is ___worldof wonders, _____world where anything can happen.
      A. a. theB. a, a C. the, a D. /,/
(  )18.The Wilsons live in______A-shaped house near the coast . It is _______17th centurycottage.
A.  the, / B. an, the  C. /, the D. an ,a
(  )19.Tom owns______larger collection of ______books than any other student in our class.
A.  the ,/ B. a,/ C. a ,the  D. /, the
(  )20.For along time they walked without saying ___word .Jim was the first t break_____silence.
  A. the,  a  B. a,the  C. a ,/ D. the,/
(  )21.There was____time _____I hated t go to school.
A.  a ,that B. a ,when  C. the ,that D. the,when
(  )22.When youfinish reading the book ,you will have ______better understanding of______life.,
  A. a,  the  B.the .a  C. /,the  D.a,/
( )23.I earn 10dollars ____hours as ____supermarketcashier on Saturday.
A.  a, an  B. the ,a C. an ,a  D . an ,the
(  )24The signreads “in ease of___fire ,break the glass and push _____red button”
A./,a   B. /,the  C. the ,the D. a ,a
(  )25.I don’tlike talking on ______telephone ; I prefer writing ____letter.
A.  a, the  B. the./  C. the ,the D. A ,/
(  )26.Jumpingout of ____airplane at ten thousand feet is quite _____exciting experience.
   A. /,the   B. /, an  C. an. an D. the, the
(  )27.One wayto understand thousands of new words in gain _____good knowledge of basic wordformation.
A.  / B  the  C. a D. one
(  )28.The cakesare delicious . He’d like have ______third one because _____second one israther too small.
A.  a, a B. the .the  C. a ,the D. the ,a
(  )29.A bullethit the solider and he was wounded in ____leg.
   A. a   B .one  C. the  D. his
(   )30.Thewarmth of _____sweater will of course be determined by the sort of ___wool  used.
A.  the, the B. the ,/  C. /, the  D. /,/
参考答案
1A   report 可数名词,a recent report 一份近来的报告  ,是泛指;第二个空填the表特指示2090年。
2B. by train 乘火车,by在接交通工具类的同时,一般不接冠词,如by bike , by ship ; 根据句意第二个空应该是泛指。
3Bteachers 此处用名词复数表泛指,指一切老师;havea …… life 相当于live /lead a……life 过一种、、、、、、样的生活
4D. leave the city  离开这座城市。aMonday 一个星期一,表泛指。
5.B. a large family 一个大家庭;the ability此处表泛指“与别人相处好的能力”;others其他人表泛指。
6C. have a gift for …有做、、、的天赋,相当于havea talent for.
7.B. give sb. a ride 让某人搭车,此处ride是可数名词,表示“搭车”。
8.D. the World Table Tennis Championship是专有名词,由普通名词构成的专有名词,一般前面要加thewith  a score of ……比分是……
9.B. a John Lennon 一个叫做JohnLennon的人,表泛指。
10. C  leaveschool 毕业
11A. go to the hotel 去旅店 abed 此处表泛指,“一个地方”
12C. the price 此处表特指,“原价”。
13B.此句的意思是:在讲英语的加拿大人和讲法语的加拿大人之间的那种逐渐增长的分歧是这个国家一个主要担心的问题。第一个空用the表特指;第二个空用a表泛指,泛指主要是担心问题中的一个。
14.A. leave college 大学毕业
15.C.the part 特指在工业革命避所起的作用;theIndustrial Revolution工业革命
16.A,make a discovery 有了一个发现;man’sunderstanding of color人类对于颜色的理解,在物主代词,名词所有格前,一般不用加冠词,man用单数形式,前面不加冠词,可以表示“人类”。
17B. a world of wonders 一个充满奇迹的世界;第二个空aworld 是前面的同位语,因此还依然用a表泛指
18.D.第一个空填an 表泛指类别。“一个A字型的小屋里”根据句意第二个句子应是对上文anshaped house 起同位语的用,进一步解释说明,所以还用a 表泛指类别。
19.B. a large collection of … 一个较大的收集……books用复数  此处表泛指。
20.B.saying a word ,此处aword 指“一个字”;the silence 表特指此时此刻的“沉默”
2.B. a time 表示一段时间,when引导定语从句修饰a time.
22.D.have a better understanding of ……对、、、、、有一种更好的理解。
23.D. an hour 表示“每小时”;后一空中的a表示“一个”
24.B.句中fire为不可数名词,前面不用冠词,表示类别;而thered button用于特指,区别于其他的按纽。
25.B. on the telephone 为固定用法,而第二个空中的letters表示类别;
26.C. airplane 为可数名词,anairplane 表示泛指,而此处的experience表示“经历”,为可数名词,anexciting experience意为“一次刺激的经历”
27. C.当某些不可数抽象名词含义具体化,而被某些修饰词修饰时,前面要加不定冠词。如abetty understanding of the passage , a good knowledge of  English.
28.C.当序数词表示顺序时前面要回定冠词修饰;当表示“又一;再一”时,前面用不定冠词修饰。
29.C本题考查习惯用法, 结构为动词+sb+介词+the+身体的某个部位。
30.B.句意为“一种毛衣的保暖性取决于所用的羊毛的种类”,此处的thesweater 不是表示特指,而是表示种类;而第二个空中的thesort of wool =the wool ,表示特指的某种。

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